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UMAR IBN AL KHATTAB – The Second Caliph of Islam

UMAR IBN AL KHATTAB – The  Second Caliph of Islam
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Introduction

Who was Umar Bin Al Khattab?

UMAR IBN AL KHATTAB the second caliph of islam his full name is Umar Ibn Khattab Ibn Nuwayfil Bin Abdul Uzzah Bin Riyah Bin Abdullah Bin Qurt Bin Razah Bin Adi Bin Kab Al Qirashi.

His mother’s was known as Hanthama Bint Hashim Ibnul Mughirah Bin Abdullah Ibn Umar Ibn Makhzum. Umar was born in 583AC in Mecca, 13 years after the Holy Prophet Muhammad – PBUH. Umar Bin Al Khattab converted to Islam in the early prophethood of Muhammad – Pbuh.

Umar bin Al Khattab was known for his strength and was a wrestler. Umar was also known as Umar Al Farouq. He earned this title as he was fair and just and also distinguished between right and wrong.

The Prophet Muhammad – PBUH gave the title of Ameer –Ul – Mumineen to Umar Bin Al Khattab.

Umar was amongst the first Muslims who migrated to Yathrib and he participated in all the holy wars fought by the Muslims under the command of Muhammad – Pbuh

Abu Bakr Siddiq, the first caliph of Islam appointed Umar as the first judge in Islam.

Umar’s Caliphate and Achievements

During his caliphate, Umar Bin Al Khattab propagated Islam across the world through conquests of territories such as Mesopotamia, Egypt, Persia, Palestine, Byzantine, North of Africa and Armenia. The achievements of Umar were as follows:

  1. Umar Bin Al Khattab is known for having collated the sayings and practices of the Holy Prophet Pbuh from reliable sources and this exercise continued under the caliphate of Uthmaan.
  2. Umar also introduced the lunar calendar.
  3. Umar was introduced political officers and other official posts.
  4. Umar was the first person to establish an investigation panel to deal with complaints against the state officials.

The assassination of Prophet Muhammad – Pbuh and his death

In the year 644, Umar bin Al Khattab was attacked by Abu Lulu, who was a Christian slave. Umar bin Al Khattab suffered badly from his wound and passed away after three days.

Umar ibn al khattab Death

Before his death, Umar nominated Uthmaan as his successor and the third caliph of Islam.